Trastevere is one of the 20 districts of Rome, located on the western bank of the Tiber River, south of the Vatican. Romans themselves are very fond of Trastevere and come here to eat in cozy atmosphere or just take a walk. If you want to see the non-tourist life of Rome, get closer to everyday life of Romans, walk along medieval streets, and taste the original Roman cuisine - then make sure to come visit Trastevere.
The name comes from the Latin "trans Tiberim", which means "across the Tiber river" (it is located on the side opposite the Roman Forum and the Seven Hills on which Rome originally arose).
There are not many historical sights in Trastevere, Rome - the charm of this district has a different nature. Narrow cobbled streets, old medieval churches, houses of warm terracotta, ocher and peach colors entwined with ivy and grapes, friendly rows of motor scooters and tiny, almost toy fiat, cozy tables of street cafes ... It seems that time in this quite place, away from crowds and busy traffic, slows down its run.
This district is great for its unique, homely atmosphere. Almost at any time, the cobbled streets of Trastevere are quiet and not crowded. It is nice to take a walk here at your own pleasure, look into some pretty courtyards, eat gelato on the steps of the fountain in Piazza Santa Maria, and then again delve into the maze of streets. Walking through Trastevere, you will experience the authentic spirit of Rome and be able to observe its internal life. Here are some places in Trastevere you might want to see first:
The Basilica of Santa Maria in Trastevere is one of the oldest Christian churches in Rome (some believe that the oldest - its walls were erected in 340 AD) From the outside, it is not particularly remarkable, but the interior will amaze with its beauty. You will want to stare for a long time at the luxurious coffered ceiling and elaborate 12th century mosaics that mysteriously shimmer in the twilight of the church. And the eponymous square Piazza di Santa Maria in Trastevere with a fountain, which is also considered the oldest in Rome, is the heart of the entire area, a place for meetings and rest.
Santa Cecilia in Trastevere is another old medieval church in Trastevere, dedicated to the patroness of church music, Saint Cecilia. In the church there is a tomb with the relics of the saint, which were transferred to their present place from the Roman catacombs. Above the tomb in front of the altar there is a statue of snow-white marble depicting a virgin-martyr lying, with her head covered with a cloth and traces of sword blows (according to legend, the executioner could not cut off Cecilia's head, but only inflicted mortal wounds).
Gianicolo Hill adjoins Trastevere on the north side. It is not included in the 7 classic hills of Rome, but it is interesting for its observation deck, which overlooks the very heart of Rome. The top of the hill is decorated with an equestrian statue of the national hero of Italy Garibaldi. And at noon, you can witness an impressive salvo from a real cannon, echoed by the bells of all the churches of Rome.
Villa Farnezina is considered one of the outstanding examples of High Renaissance architecture and painting. At the end of the XVI century. the villa was bought by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. The construction of the villa was entrusted to the outstanding architect Baldassar Peruzzi, who also supervised the construction of St. Peter's Basilica, and the interior is decorated with frescoes by Raphael Santi, Sebastiano del Piombo, Giovanni da Udine and other masters of the Italian Renaissance. What is especially good is that the villa is little known among mass tourists - crowds, like in the Vatican museums, are very rare here.
Opening hours: Monday to Saturday from 9.00 to 14.00 and every second Sunday of the month from 9.00 to 17.00. Ticket prices: 6 euros for adults, 5 euros for teenagers (14-18 years old), 3 euros for children (10-14 years old), free of charge for children under 10 years old.
The Botanical Garden of Rome in Trastevere is the successor to the Papal Botanical Garden, its history dates back to the Renaissance. This park on the slopes of the Gianicolo Hill is a large green oasis divided into themed zones (bamboo grove, Japanese garden, cactus greenhouse, rose garden, Mediterranean garden, etc.).
Opening hours: Monday to Saturday from 9.00 to 18.30 (April to October), from 9.00 to 17.30 (November to March). Closed Sunday and bank holidays.
Trastevere is located 2 km west of the Roman Forum and Colosseum and 2 km south of the Vatican. Thus, Trastevere is convenient and relatively close for going on foot. If you go from the Vatican, you can just walk along the Tiber embankment. If you go from the side of Piazza Venezia, the Colosseum or the Aventine Hill, then you need to cross the Tiber using the bridges Ponte Sisto, Ponte Garibaldi, Ponte Cestio. and Ponte Fabricio (connect the banks of the Tiber with each other and the island of Tiberin), Ponte Palatino.
From the Termini railway station, you can take a train to the Roma Trastevere station or by bus H. The journey time is 15 minutes, the cost is 1 euro (train), 1.5 euro for a bus.
From Piazza Venezia, take tram 8 to one of the stations on Viale Trastevere (e.g. Mastai). Travel time is 12 minutes, cost 1.5 euros.
Nearest metro stations: Piramide in the Testaccio areaand Circo Massimo but you need to take a bus from the metro.