As strange as it may sound, this is not the question that one can answer in just a couple of words. It turns out that there is a city or town called Rome (or Roma in Italian) on almost every continent of the world. The USA alone has 9 Romes!
In fact, all of them were named after the great and very old Europen city that is now the capital of Italy. So where is Rome? On the map of Europe, you can find the “original” Rome in the central part of the “Italian boot” - the Apennine Peninsula, not far from the place where the Tiber River flows into the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Today, Rome is one of the oldest and one of the most visited cities in the world, thanks to the huge concentration of historical and architectural monuments of different eras. The city center is fully included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Through the thickness of centuries, the Eternal City has brought to us the grandeur of its palaces and cathedrals, the power of medieval castles and the silver music of Baroque fountains.
Founded: in 753 BC
Area: 1287.36 square km
Population: 2,875,805 (as of 2017)
Minimum flight time from:
New York - 8 hours
London - 2 hours 25 min
Beijing - 11 hours 20 min
Tokyo - 12 hours 45 min
Sydney - 22 hours 45 min
According to legend, Rome was founded in 753 BC by Romulus - one of the royal twin brothers (Romulus and Remus) - on the place where he was saved as an infant and nurtured by a she-wolf (lupa in Latin, now the symbol of Rome). However, archaeological studies suggest that the first settlements on the site of Ancient Rome appeared much earlier. At the time of Romulus, Rome was just a small village with thatched huts settled on a single hill. It is much later Rome became the City on Seven Hills.
In the era of its greatest power, the borders of the Roman Empire stretched from the territories of modern England and Spain in the West to the territories of modern Iran and Syria in the East, and to the entire North Africa in the South. And the city of Rome was it's heart and brain center.
The culture of the Roman Empire is an important and essential part of the global culture. We still use many of its "fruits" even today, for example sewage, water supply system came to us from Ancient Rome. It was the Romans who first invented concrete and actively developed urban planning art. All European stone architecture originates in Ancient Rome. It was the Romans who first began to build stone high-rise buildings, sometimes reaching up to 5-6 floors.