Ancient Rome ruled most of Europe for over 1000 years. It was a strong, magnificent empire that seemed invincible and eternal. There is no single definite answer to the question of why Rome fell. By 400 AD, Rome faced a problem of its vast territorial size, and this situation initiated certain processes that finally destroyed the greatest Empire. Let's go over the chronology of events.
The Roman Empire was one of the largest states in history. And at the time of its existence, it was the most powerful, richest and largest. Rome reached its peak in 117 AD under the rule of Emperor Trajan, when the Roman Empire reached its maximum size. Almost the entire coastline along the Mediterranean Sea became part of the Roman Empire. At that time, Rome took over Spain, Italy, France, the south of Great Britain, Turkey, Israel, Egypt and northern Africa.
Rome did not fall in a single day, or even in a few years, it was happening over a long period of time. Here are the main reasons why this empire began to approach its end:
In 395 AD, Valentine I was proclaimed emperor but took control of only the western part of the Empire, and transferred the eastern part to his younger brother Valent. From now on, Rome was divided into two parts: the Western Empire with capital in Rome фтв the Eastern Empire ruled from Constantinople.
Subsequently, the Eastern Roman Empire will become known as the Byzantine Empire and will remain in power for another 1000 years. But Western Rome awaits a much bitter fate.
Many believed that the city of Rome was invincible. But in 410 AD a German barbarian tribe (Visigoths) invaded the city. They plundered the treasures, killed and enslaved many Romans, and burned the city. This was the first time in 800 years when the city of Rome was sacked, a little later Rome was sacked again by Heiserich, king of the Vandals. Vandals were an East German tribe. The modern term "vandalism" comes from this word.
In 476 A.D. a German barbarian named Odoacre took control of Rome. He became king of Italy and forced the last emperor of Rome, Romulus Augustus, to abandon his throne. Many historians consider this to be the end of the Roman Empire. Ironically, both the first and the last ruler of Rome were named Romulus.
After the end of Roman Empire, much of Europe degraded and fell into barbarism. And for a long time not a single empire was even close to such a high level of greatness, culture, governance, and even hygiene, which the Roman Empire achieved in such an ancient time.